Common Core Standards Explained
"Educational standards describe what students should know and be able to do in each subject in each grade. In California, the State Board of Education decides on the standards for all students, from kindergarten through high school. The California Department of Education helps schools make sure that all students are meeting the standards.
Since 2010, a number of states across the nation have adopted the same standards for English and math. These standards are called the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). Having the same standards helps all students get a good education, even if they change schools or move to a different state. Teachers, parents, and education experts designed the CCSS to prepare students for success in college and the workplace." California Department of Education www.cde.gov
What are Anchor Standards?
The Common Core State Standards were designed with College & Career Readiness in mind. The standards are based on the end result, having students ready to move into universities and jobs of their choice by the end of high school. The anchor standards provide an overall all target for what a student should know in each content area. Each grade level has a standard that matches that anchor standard, with skills specific to that grade level. There are anchor standards for Reading, Writing, Language and Speaking & Listening.
The example below shows the Anchor standard and a matching 2nd grade and 5th-grade standard. The anchor standard is the overall expectation for students when they graduate from high school, the grade level standard show what they will need to do each year to get there.
Anchor Standard #1 in Listening & Speaking
Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
Here is the 2nd grade standard that matches this anchor standard:
2nd Grade Listening & Speaking
Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
Here is the 5th grade standard:
5th Grade Listening & Speaking
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.