TPACK - Impact on Student Learning
Any 21st century classroom is expected to have technology actively involved. It's easy, though, for politicians, administrators, teachers, parents, and students to believe that if technology is being used, students are learning the skills they need as well. However, for true learning to happen, technology cannot be used just for the sake of having technology in the room.
The SAMR Model was developed to integrate technology into the classroom, yet we need to look even deeper at how technology interrelates with content and pedagogy to ensure that students are effectively using digital tools to learn in the 21st century. It's helpful to understand both the SAMR and TPACK models.
The TPACK framework is a lens to help teachers use content, pedagogy and technology to supporting student learning:
The relationships between the types of knowledge is where deeper understanding happens:
Of course many students use technology daily, but only in support of their learning the knowledge and skills needed. It's usually best to keep the frequently-used tools simple so that students are using them to learn the content and have the academic experiences planned to meet the learning outcomes. This way, they're not distracted by too many "bells and whistles" on a daily basis. When students use new tools, for example, Screencastify, they work together to figure out the tool and then incorporate it into their technological toolkit. When students add one digital tool at a time and become proficient in using it, their confidence and abilities grow. Some effective ways for students to use technology in their own inquiry are to: