This link will direct you to California's physical education standards for grades K-12. This research applied Standards 2 and 3 from High School Course 2.
Standard 2: Students achieve a level of physical fitness for health and performance while demonstrating knowledge of fitness concepts, principles and strategies.
2.5 Justify the use of particular physical activities to achieve desired fitness goals.
2.8 Explain how to evaluate consumer physical fitness products and programs.
Standard 3: Students demonstrate knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.
3.1 Participate in physical activities for personal enjoyment.
3.5 Evaluate and refine personal goals to improve performance in physical activities.
This link will direct you to the California Department of Education's page on physical fitness testing, known as the FitnessGram.