Dufour's Second Question: How Will We Know They are Learning?
The above figure from the ELA/ELD Framework highlights the different types of assessments needed to determine if student's are learning. The closer the oval is to the student the more accurate our understanding of their learning. This illustrates the importance of constantly assessing for different understandings.
Minute by Minute and Daily: Informal Observation with Rubric
Weekly or Bi-Monthly: Formative Retelling Rubric
Within my action research I explored how a retell of a text can provide feedback to teachers on where students are with their language use and comprehension. This provides specific data as to where the student is with their language acquisition, ensuring that the teacher is able to provide sentence frames and support at their level.
Pre/Post Retelling Template
Unit/Quarterly: Student Oral Language Observation Matrix (SOLOM)
SOLOM provides a great resource to determine where ELLs or student's with limited English are with their oral language skills.