Instructional Materials & How-Tos
To be able to include all students in the learning process and be engaged the teacher must work on their strengths. If a student is struggling in reading you are not going to give them an assignment where they need to research information. If a student is not able to produce a complete sentence they would not be responsible for writing an essay. Creating lessons for students that also build their confidence is a great way to change negative attitudes about school, build trust and improve teacher-student relationships.
Step 1-Identify 4 or 5 areas where the students in the class best express themselves. Examples I include are readers, writers, speakers, artists. Readers would do the research. The writers or script writers, letter writers or paper writers. The speakers present or explain, the ones that don't might being in the spot light. The artists would be responsible for the visuals, posters, technical visual aids, etc.
Step 2- Set a time limit. No matter how engaging the work is the students minds will begin to wander. The age group you are working with depends on how long your expectation is for them to work. For Kindergarten I wouldn't exceed 30 minutes. For elementary students no more than 45 minutes, middle school about 50 minutes and high school no more than an hour.
Step 3- Monitor the groups carefully to check for understanding. It is just as important that you are as engaged as they are. Be available to answer questions so that the students are getting out of the activity you want them to or to troubleshot technology problems that arise. This could also be an opportunity to assess or grade their knowledge on subject matter informally.
Step 4- Give appropriate feedback, provide examples and use good scaffolding strategies. For everything constructive you have to say include an complement. Give suggestions to make the product better. I find that" I like", "I wonder", and "I notice" statements are good sentence starters.
The following video is a walk-through of The ARCS Model and how benifical it was to me in my research study.
Click on the image to explore how two fourth grade teachers used augmented reality to further engage students with technology.